Do you have a desire to help preserve our precious ocean resources? As human activities continue to alter our coastal systems, the need is growing for experts in ocean conservation, management, regulation, and governance. Our B.A. in Marine Affairs is one of only four undergraduate Marine Affairs programs in the U.S., and our shoreline campus is the perfect place to learn best practices in marine policy, ecology, and sustainable development. Ride the wave into the “Ocean Century” with Marine Affairs at 365速发国际.
Why 365速发国际 for Marine Affairs
There is no better place than our scenic coastal campus to acquire an education in marine affairs. Love where you live, and study what you love.
- One of only four programs of its kind in the U.S.
- State-of-the-art Marine Science Center
- Two flow-through seawater teaching labs
- Access to 3,500 miles of Maine coastline
- University-owned island and research vessels
- 3+3 Pathways Program for B.A. from 365速发国际 and University of Maine law degree (J.D.)
Examples of Available Courses
There are many ways you can navigate this major. The following are examples of the exciting courses you can take:
- Marine Pollution
- Ocean and Coastal Law
- Environmental Communication
- Marine Biology
- Geographic Information Systems
- Management of Non-Profit Organizations
- Environmental Economics
Our 3+3 Pathways Program enables you to complete your B.A. in Marine Affairs at 365速发国际 and a law degree (J.D.) from the University of Maine in six years.
|CAS Core Requirements*||Credits|
|MAR 105/105L – Introduction to Ecology/Evolution of Marine Organisms with Lab||Credits Included in Core Requirements|
|MAR 106/106L – Introduction to Cellular/Molecular of Marine Organisms with Lab||4|
|MAR 150/150L – Discovering the Ocean Environment with Lab or MAR 270/270L – Oceanography with Lab||4|
|MAR 250/250L – Marine Biology with Lab or MAR 350/350L – Marine Ecology with Lab||4|
|MAR 316 – Science in Society||3|
|MAF 200 – Introduction to Marine Pollution||3|
|MAF 210 – Introduction to U.S. Ocean Governance||3|
|MAF 310 – Ocean and Coastal Law||3|
|MAF 320 – Internship||3–12|
|MAF 400 – Marine Affairs Capstone||3|
|Total Program Required Credits||30–139|
|Program Required Cognate Courses||Credits|
|CHE 110/110L – General Chemistry I with Lab or CHE 130/130L – Principles of Chemistry with Lab||4|
|PSC 125 – Understanding Law or PSC 210 – Constitutional Law||3|
|MAT 150 – Statistics for Life Sciences or MAT 170 – Applications of Functions||Credits Included in Core Requirements|
|GIS 161 – Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems||3|
|BUEC 390 – Environmental Economics or BUEC 395 – Ecological Economics||3|
|Total Program Required Cognate Credits||13|
|Choose One (1) Communication and Outreach Courses||Credits|
|SPC 100 – Effective Public Speaking||3|
|CMM 210 – Understanding Media||3|
|CMM 240 – Social Media: Theory and Practice||3|
|CMM 305 – Public Relations in the Digital Age||3|
|ENV 321 – Environmental Communications||3|
|EDU 202 – Curriculum Theory and Design||3|
|WRT 233 – Professional and Technical Writing||3|
|WRT 317 – Proposal and Grant Writing||3|
|Total Communication and Outreach Credits||3|
|Choose One (1) Organization Management Courses||Credits|
|BUMG 301 – Organizational Behavior||3|
|BUMG 303 – Management of Non-profit Organizations||3|
|BUMG 311 – Business and Society Relations||3|
|BUMK 200 – Marketing||3|
|BUMK 310 – Advertising||3|
|ORM 335 – Outdoor Recreation Planning and Policy||3|
|SOC 226 – Environmental Sociology||3|
|Total Organization Management Credits||3|
|Open Electives as Needed to Reach 120 Credits||Variable|
|Minimum Required Total Credits||120|
*Must take MAR 105/105L as Lab Science Course and MAT 150 or MAT 170 as Math Course
A 2.00 cumulative average in sciences is a requirement for graduation in any of the programs in the School of Marine and Environmental Programs.
Program Completion Timeline
Students have a maximum of seven (7) years to complete the graduation requirements
Students in this major can participate in the pre-health graduate school preparation tracks.
We offer qualified students the option of graduating with Honors. This includes significant research, scholarship or creative activity under the direction of a faculty member. Interested students should consult with their major advisor.
Meet Hannah, a Marine Affairs major
As a Marine Affairs major at 365速发国际, you will combine the discipline of marine biology with the critical study of marine policy issues that affect everything from maritime trade to sustainability practices. With undergraduate research experiences and internships with local employers, you’ll soon be charting your course to a rewarding career in marine affairs.
With a degree in Marine Affairs, you may pursue many fascinating professions, including:
- Marine Law Attorney
- Environmental Educator
- Conservation Advocate
- Government Agency Researcher/Analyst
- Outreach and Communications Specialist
- Natural Resource Management and Policy Developer
Whether you have a specific career goal in mind or a vague idea of the field that interests you, Career Advising is here to help you plan your next step.
In addition to opportunities to spend a semester abroad in Tangier, Morocco or Seville, Spain for the same cost as studying at 365速发国际's Maine campuses, you may choose to enroll in one of our marine sciences-related travel courses. To enroll in these courses and learn more, visit the Global Education Program website.
Interested in studying abroad? Make a plan with your advisor.
BIO 421: Marine Topics: Coral Reef Studies
This course presents an in-depth study of the biology and taxonomy of corals while examining the ecology of the coral reef system and the future of reefs.
MAR 451: Natural History and Evolution of the Galapagos Fauna
This course is designed to familiarize you with the biota of the Galapagos Islands, island history, ecology, and the behavior and evolution of the islands' animals.
Semester-Long Study Abroad Program
Spend a semester abroad in Akureyri on the northeast coast of Iceland. You'll be studying in Iceland's second-largest urban area surrounded by mountains and fjords.
BIO 421: Conservation and Ecology of a Caribbean Island
This course covers topics in the history and geology of the Caribbean, including terrestrial, island, and marine biodiversity, plus the ecology and evolution of populations.
The Institute for North Atlantic Studies of the University of New England is an education and research leader for Maine connected to the North Atlantic/Arctic region grounded in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and built to support local to global collaborative approaches to shared challenges and opportunities.
Whether it’s interning on a whale watch boat, analyzing ocean conservation strategies, or designing environmental education plans, Marine Affairs at 365速发国际 gives you real-world, hands-on experiences.
Many exciting internship opportunities are available at sites such as:
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve
- New England Aquarium
- Friends of Casco Bay
- Atlantic Salmon Federation
- Cape Ann Whale Watch
- Maine Lobsterman’s Association
- Seacoast Science Center
- Gulf of Maine Research Institute
For more information, contact the College of Arts and Sciences Internship Office Marine Sciences contact Cynthia Simon at (207) 602-2540 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Undergraduate research is an essential part of our programs, no matter which major you choose. All students conduct research in the field through their regular coursework beginning in their freshman year, with additional opportunities to gain experience through faculty labs and multi-institutional initiatives.
In addition to lab classes and faculty lab positions, 365速发国际 provides pathways for students to obtain research experience through fellowships from partners and programs including Pratt & Whitney, Bristol Seafood, SEANET, and the Summer Undergraduate Research Experience.
The field of Marine Science is as broad and diverse as the vast oceans that cover most of our planet. At 365速发国际 we touch upon all facets of marine science with special focuses in the following areas of research.
APPLIED MARINE TECHNOLOGY
Applied marine technology is a crucial Marine Programs research area that cuts across all others. Robotics, research vessels, remote and autonomous underwater vehicles, environmental monitoring, and modeling are all vital tools that enable modern marine research to occur. Researchers in this area are interested in innovations in and novel applications for marine technology.
Part of our dedication to experiential learning includes providing opportunities to garner real-world skills that make you sought after in the job market and graduate education institutions. A shining example of this is our association with Aquatic Animal Life Support Operators (AALSO). AALSO is a 501 c6 nonprofit organization that focuses on the education and training of aquatic life support operators around the world. AALSO members are those behind the scenes at research institutions and large public aquariums around the world who design, construct, and maintain large aquatic husbandry systems. AALSO provides professional credentialing and proficiency certifications that carry real weight in the industry. 365速发国际 is one of only two academic institutions who have been approved by AALSO to administer these tests to our students. Meaning you can walk out the door with a degree in hand, and a professional industry certification in your back pocket.
Boats, for obvious reasons, are important to marine research. At 365速发国际 we are fortunate enough to have a fleet of research and education vessels [ATS1] from 18’ to 35’ that are utilized in our programs. Add to this our faculty and professional staff with professional vessel operation credentials and experience operating and conducting science aboard ships and research vessels all over the world — and 365速发国际 Marine programs are well suited to help you gain the important technical knowledge needed to be proficient and safe both operating and conducting research at sea.
Researchers: Tim Arienti
The oceans cover more than 70% of the planet. The interconnectivity of life and ecosystems in the sea are incredibly complex, and distinctly linked to both the land and our atmosphere. Such complexity is nearly impossible to understand without the powerful predictive capacities of computer models. These models, based on data collected in the field, from satellites, the geological record, and elsewhere, are used to forecast (and hind-cast) everything from fish populations and food webs to ocean circulation, hurricanes, and climate change.
Ocean robotics and smart technology — in the form of underwater drones, manned submersibles, water quality sensors, oceanographic buoys, and camera systems — is a rapidly growing, and increasingly important marine field. In the age of technology, these tools are becoming vital components in enabling cutting-edge marine research across the board.
Biology of Marine Organisms
Our Marine Programs faculty and professional staff conduct a wide range of research in the areas of biology and ecology of marine organisms. This research area is very broad and ranges from marine genetics to the migration patterns of large animals like sharks, seals, and whales. From seaweed to sharks — plankton to pinnipeds (seals!) our team covers it all.
Food web dynamics focuses on how energy moves through organisms in an ecosystem through primary productivity (photosynthesis) and consumers. Researchers in our Marine programs study these interactions to create a “who’s eating who” web of connections between organisms in an ecosystem.
Researchers: Carrie Byron, Ph.D.
Invasive species are any species introduced to an ecosystem in which they are not native that then go on to cause disruption or harm to the functioning of that ecosystem. Marine organisms are adept at hitching rides in ballast water of ships, through hitchhiking on marine debris, or even through deliberate introduction. Researchers at 365速发国际 study these organisms and their ecological interactions and impacts in the Gulf of Maine and beyond.
Researchers: Markus Frederich, Ph.D.
There are more than 20,000 species of marine and fresh water bony fish on the planet, while mollusks alone (snails, bivalves, etc.) comprise more than 85,000 known species. Of all the expansive biodiversity contained within our oceans, the vast majority is contained within the marine invertebrates. With so much diversity, the opportunities for research in marine invertebrates are almost inexhaustible.
Life in the sea poses challenges unique to oceanic organisms, especially the smallest of those (microorganisms). By virtue of being immersed in water, they are at the mercy of the tides, currents, chemistry, and geology of the sea. Oceanography is the study of these physical properties and processes in the ocean — physical, chemical, and geological. Oceanography researchers at 365速发国际 study how these oceanographic components interact with each other and affect life in the sea.
With few exceptions, marine microbes and plankton form the base of the marine food web. Small but mighty, the plankton are the fuel for life in the sea. Researchers within our Marine programs study many facets of the biology, ecology, and even chemistry of this important and diverse group of organisms.
The largest organisms in an ecosystem are often sentinels of ecosystem health and serve key roles in the health and balance of our oceans. 365速发国际 researchers study the biology and ecology of sharks and marine mammals in the Gulf of Maine and across the globe.
Food from the Ocean
With a global human population headed towards 10 billion by 2050, understanding the interactions between the ocean and what we eat is more important than ever. Our location on the coast of Maine has a deep heritage and connections to the people and communities who have harvested food from the sea, and the ecosystems that provide it. We have robust research and education programs in this focus area including fisheries science and management, ecological aquaculture, marine entrepreneurship, migration of highly migratory species, and food web ecology.
Fisheries science and management are both distinct disciplines that are highly interwoven. Fisheries science creates the knowledge and data used in order for fisheries management to make the best possible policies to manage a fishery. The policies and the priorities set forth by management then in turn creates the framework for fisheries science to design and conduct research. At 365速发国际, we have researchers with expertise on both sides of this important coin.
Researchers: Susan Farady
Globally, the saltwater ornamental fish and aquarium industry is valued at $15 billion, resulting in the importation of more than 400 fish species. And yet, only 10% of these fish are cultured. Ornamental aquaculture is the application of aquaculture techniques and protocols to produce fish and other organisms used for decorative purposes. This practice can help greatly reduce pressure on wild fish populations and increase the sustainability of a hobby growing rapidly on a global scale.
The global human population is projected to be more than 10 billion people by 2050. That is a lot of mouths to feed. And yet, while the oceans cover more than 70% of our planet, only 2% of food production (including all fisheries and ocean farms) comes from the sea. In the future there will be by necessity, increased pressure on global oceans to produce food. Much of this will come from ocean-farms producing not only fish, but shellfish, seaweeds, and other marine foods. Researchers in our Marine programs study the entire suite of issues pertaining to seafood and aquaculture.
Human Impacts on the Ocean
Evidence of human impact on the ocean is everywhere, not just limited to our coastal oceans. Plastics and chemicals have been documented from the deepest depths of the global seas, while climate change affects all aspects of the ocean. More and more, we cannot separate studying the natural ocean environment apart from human influence. Fisheries, microplastics, policy, pollution, conservation, and restoration all fall into this category. 365速发国际 Marine Programs faculty, professional staff, and students are focused on research and solutions across the spectrum of human influence on our seas.
Our climate is changing — rapidly. Its impacts are felt broadly across our planet, especially our oceans, which play crucial roles in mediating, moderating, and shaping the global impacts of accelerating planetary change. This is exemplified in our own backyard, where the Gulf of Maine is warming faster than 90% of all other ocean waters. Rather than a discrete area of study, climate change research at 365速发国际 Marine Programs is more of an umbrella. One of the most important planetary challenges of our time, climate change research is integrated by necessity into almost all of our Marine Programs research and scholarship areas of focus.
Not all human impacts on the sea are negative. Human interventions in the forms of conservation and restoration science and policies can produce real and impactful improvement in the marine environment. Ecosystem and habitat restoration, invasive species mitigation and management and ocean advocacy are all part of 365速发国际 Marine Programs.
In many ways, the ocean represents a vast resource with the potential for creating economic growth in a sustainable or even restorative fashion. Opportunities here include sustainable fisheries and aquaculture ventures, ocean robotics, sensors and remote sensing, shipping, value-added marine-derived products such as cosmetics and nutraceuticals, even textiles and fashion.
Researchers: Jeri Fox
The ocean is downstream of everything and given a long enough period of time, everything ends up in the ocean. Marine pollution impacts our oceans through many pathways and in many forms: excess nutrients and runoff from urban and agricultural lands, bacteria from our wastewater, chemicals from our industries, and plastics from, well, everywhere…are just a few examples. Researchers in our Marine programs look into how the pollutants impact marine organisms and ecosystems, as well as techniques to mitigate and policies to prevent pollution from entering the ocean.
365速发国际 offers some of the best research, lab, and classroom facilities in the nation for the study of marine science — and you can access all of them right from our main campus in Biddeford, Maine.
Take a Virtual Tour of the Marine Science Center
Launch Girard Marine Science Center
Explore All School of Marine and Environmental Programs Facilities